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考情分析
2016年2月27日雅思考试机经
2016-03-05 09:18:47
雅思听力机经
 
Section One
Version 旧
场景 Kiwi Air Customer Complain form
题型 填空 10
内容概述
答案回忆:
1.       Name: Quigley(姓名的拼写)
2.       She wants to buy 4 tickets: return tickets (名词复数)
3.       leaving at 12:30 am (时间点的考察)
4.       The words on the website page: error message
5.       can only take 2 children (数字考察)
6.       under 12 years old (数字考察)
7.       She thinks it is unfair for large families and school group
8.       children need less food
9.       letter to go to the manager
10.   GBK8422 (字母数字考察,字母大写)
(答案仅供参考)
 
个人信息的考察,加上表格填空的格式,属于较简单题型。数字和人名拼写应该属于必得分考察项,考生应做好日常积累。另外,大小写和单复数需要留心。
 
Section Two
Version 旧
场景 railway
题型 填空 5,配对 5
内容概述: 一个railway以前用来运货,现在变成旅游景点。
答案回忆:
11. A. the engine is too small
12. A. not much mining industry and longer
13. A. playground for children
14. C. a local private businessman
17. good start point for a walk path
19. good view point to see wildlife
20. excellent food to enjoy
(答案仅供参考)
 
偏旅游场景的考察。填空题难度不高,但是配对题难度较大。需要做好几个地点的定位,如几个points的作用是什么。注意单词积累,则会降低难度。
 
Section Three
Version 旧
场景 学术讨论
题型 选择6, 流程图配对 4
内容概述: Mona和Ted讨论Mona要做的一个关于design development的presentation.
答案回忆:
21. A. design development from 1800s
22. C. she is afraid of her tutor’s reaction
23. B. too broad
24. B. they have already influence traditional media
25. A. for architecture
26. C. to visit a museum
27. Write an introduction
28. Make further research of the topic
29. Statement to each pictures
30. Make text handouts
(答案仅供参考)
 
流程图配对属于简单题型,但是词汇要求偏高。场景方面,属于校园场景,正常项目,做好词汇积累即可。流程图需要注意事先观察好图中信息,再完成作答。
 
Section Four
Version 旧
场景 体育与科学研究
题型 填空 10
内容概述
答案回忆:
31. performance genes
32. the most effective is the attitude of competition
33. oxygen
34. hurry up
35. swimmer- athletes use equipment specially hands of feet
36. help bones become stronger
37. increase red blood cells
38. shooter-low heart rate
39. the perfect to ease muscle pain
40. copy shark skin made of …
(答案仅供参考)

研究性学术文章,词汇难度较高,如oxygen, muscle等。考生需要掌握一定课外知识,并抓住文章线索方可作答。但题型难度不高,填空题在有词汇积累的基础上会有不低的得分。


口语机经
科目 雅思口语
考试日期 2016.2.27
考题概述与分析:
Part1
hometown, museum, history, countryside, work or study, snacks, teacher, reading books, color, hurry time, house or apartment, stay up late, music concert, handwriting, subject, teamwork, travel, swimming, keep healthy, vegetables and fruits, shoes,
Part 2&3
part2 电视上看到的有趣故事; part3 电视对小孩教育的影响
part2 第一次与外国人交流的经历; part3学习外语最好年龄 哪里难
part2有一天假期你会做什么;part3各种问题,特别长,人们会做同样事情么在假期,他们喜欢跟家人还是自己过假期,人们喜欢长假期还是短假期
part2问你艰难的选择; part3生活中选择,父母的决定
part2 未来想去的国家; part3 中国人去国外主要干什么 旅游工作谁更了解当地文化 中国的旅行公司 旅游业的发展
part2 音乐;part3 帮助人的经历,作为父母 什么对子女来说最重要,怎样帮助家人
part 2 报纸或者杂志读过的文章;part 3 如何获取新闻 未来还会不会有报纸和杂志
part 2想住的房子; part 3 依然房子有关 老年人住房 年轻人住房 各种住房
Part2 一次等待的经历; Part3 关于耐心的一系列问题
part 2 你最近阅读的文章; part 3 你城市的人们喜欢看杂志吗 为什么有的人们会选择看杂志而多于看报纸和看新闻 青少年喜欢看杂志吗 他们看杂志有哪些好的方面有哪些不好的方面
part2 儿时的幸福往事;  part3 中国的变化 儿时的玩具
part2 第一次想尝试的运动; part3 现在小孩运动的时间够吗,中国流行什么运动,运动的好处
part2:未来你的一个目标,什么目标,怎么实现,第一次想有这个目标是什么时候,为什么有这个目标; part3:工作,年轻人有什么目标,年轻人多久可以不听父母的建议,年轻人多久可以自己做决定
part2,熟悉的家庭; part3,家庭中谁老大,为啥,男女平等
part2喜欢的一条街;part3,街上有什么街上的环境怎么样
part2问别人送你的衣服;part3问了制服,传统服装还有世界各地的服装
part2想见的人;part3为什么人们喜欢坏的新闻而不是好的新闻
part2 你尊敬的老人; part3 老人喜欢干什么 老人适合长途旅行吗,老人跟年轻人互相学习什么,现在人尊敬老人吗,年轻人跟老人住一起会闹矛盾吗
part2一次长途汽车旅行;part3是关于汽车之类的
part2一个和你道歉的人,part3中国人什么时候道歉,是不是真心的
part2忘记做某件事;part3这么帮助人们别忘记事情
对学生提示:高分范例
Describe the first time you communicated with someone in a foreign language
You should say
  When and where it happened
  Who you talked to
  What you talked about
and explain how you felt about communicating in a foreign language
    I remember the first time I talk with other people in English happened when I was a middle school student. One day, my mom heard from her colleagues that there was an English Corner that would be held twice a month near our apartment. So she encouraged me to go for practicing English-speaking skills. Actually, I was not willing to do that, Buf finally I forced myself toward it because I know it was a good chance to communicate with foreigners. When I arrived there, a guy came over to me with a warm smile. He started to introduce himself and showed his friendlness. And I was embarrassed and gave him response concisely, becuase I knew my oral English may not be good engouth to cope with the fowllowing conversation. Surprisingly, he showed me his understanding to me that English im not my mother tongue and inspired me to speak out. Thus I used my poor words to chat with him for a while and he always listened to me patiently. Although he cannot be called a friend in my life, he really helped me in English learning. Otherwise, I also started to understand that if you want learn something new, you must be brave and go towards it.
 
 

阅读机经
科目 阅读
考试日期 2016年2月27日
考题概述与分析:
Passage One
新旧情况:旧
题材:自然类
题目:Butterfly Farm
题型:T/F/NG 6 选择 7
类似文章参考:
Butterfly Farm
At La Finca de Mariposas -- The Butterfly Farm -- and at a handful of places throughout the world, local inhabitants are breeding butterflies for profit and, at the same time, perhaps saving some of the world's remaining tropical forests. "It's not going to save the rain forest" said Olaf Malver, president of Wings for the Earth, a non-profit, Oakland-based group that promotes butterfly farming and ranching in underdeveloped nations, "but it is a valuable component. It gives inhabitants a viable economic alternative to cutting down trees". Breeding butterflies for export to collectors or exhibitions has, in fact, become something of an international growth industry. There are commercial ventures in Southeast Asia, South America and the South Pacific. The Butterfly Farm is the biggest such operation in Central America. Last year, it exported 50,000 live pupae worldwide, earning about $ 100,000. "Total sales volume worldwide is about $ 100 million", said Malver. While a significant portion of the butterfly market consists of collectors seeking perfectly shaped and colored dead specimens, the biggest single buyers are parks and institutions that display butterflies in full, living color. Europe has almost 80 public butterfly houses. The number in the United States is increasing. Three years ago, only Butterfly World in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., publicly displayed large quantities of butterflies. Now there are at least six -including the San Diego Wild Animal Park's Butterfly Encounter, which opened earlier this month and continues through September 7. Park officials say public response has been unexpectedly enthusiastic and that the exhibit, originally built only for hummingbirds, will annually feature butterflies, both native and imported tropical species. And officials are considering the possibility of building a permanent year-round butterfly house. "Butterflies are incredibly popular. You don't even have to like them to recognize their beauty," said Bill Toone, the curator of birds at the Wild Animal Park, who went to Costa Rica recently to inspect The Butterfly Farm and to purchase 200 butterfly pupae, including giant blue morphos and Caligo memnons with wing markings resembling the eyes of an owl. Butterflies aren't free The beauty of butterflies, of course, means money for farmers. Captive-bred Costa Rican butterflies sell for one or two dollars each, a significant amount to most Third World inhabitants. One of the earliest farming efforts, a program in Papua New Guinea run by the government's Insect Farming and Trading Agency, earns $300,000 annually. There's a cultural and economic aspect to this, of course," said Toone. "What works in Papua New Guinea won't work in the United States. We thought about trying to breed indigenous butterflies here, but at $1 apiece, nobody is going to make a living at it." Some tropical species, on the other hand, mean big bucks. The rare Southeast Asian birdwing butterfly -- so called because of its size -- sells for $5,000 or more, even though adults live for only a couple of weeks. The birdwings' market value has proved to be a curse, however. Poachers have killed so many of them that they are in danger of extinction. While farmers are primarily concerned with the profit motive, environmentalists see a more compelling benefit. They believe captive breeding in on-site programs may ultimately help stop the massive and continued clear-cutting of the Earth's tropical forests. "The idea of butterfly farming is to offer people an alternative," said Toone. "If people in Third World countries can make some money breeding them in the forest, maybe they won't cut down the trees." The crisis in the world's tropical forests is well known and well documented. Logging, agriculture, pollution and urban sprawl have already consumed huge tracts of the world's tropical forests. In some countries, the forests are gone -- completely. The World Resources Institute estimates that enough trees to cover England are harvested or destroyed annually. Put another way, that's 57 acres cut down every minute, 24 hours a day. Womb of the world Tropical forests provide more than just exotic woods like teak and mahogany. They are vital to the Earth's environmental well-being. They absorb carbon dioxide and counter global warming. They affect rainfall patterns on a global scale. They are the womb of the world, containing roughly half of the planet's animal, plant and insect species. The forests of Costa Rica, for example, contain 10 percent of the world's known species of butterflies --1,200 species in a country smaller than San Bernardino County. Among developing countries, Costa Rica is often lauded as environmentally progressive. The country boasts 64 national parks and protected areas. The ecology ethic is taught in school. Nonetheless, 80 percent of the country's forests have been cut down in the last 100 years. The rate of deforestation in the early 1980s was 7.4 percent annually. It has slowed, but trees still fall by the thousands. "This farm is an example of a better way," said Maria Sabido who runs The Butterfly Farm with her husband, Joris Brinckerhoff. "It's an example of what people talk about: using the forest instead of destroying it". Butterfly farms take various shapes. The ideal farm, said Thomas C. Emmel, a professor of zoology at the University of Florida who is involved in an effort to save a rare swallowtail in Jamaica, involves local inhabitants growing plants preferred by butterflies on the edge of existing forests, then harvesting the eggs for breeding and export. Enmmel said this type of farm is rare, however, because few Third World countries have the necessary experts with The connections or resources to raise butterflies. The Butterfly Farm was founded by Brinckerhoff, a 34year-old former Peace Corps volunteer from New Hampshire who learned the business from scratch. "I learned about exporting butterflies from a guy while hitchhiking here," said Brinckerhoff, who came to Costa Rica with a degree in economics. "It took tome to learn about them. I spent two years just learning how to identify different species and what they ate. I went through a lot of butterflies". Brinckerhoff and his wife both say the farm has had a positive effect -- on the economy and on the locals. "It earns about $100,000 a year, bringing in foreign dollars, which are important. It's rural-based, which is where the jobs are most needed. We Employ about 20 people to breed the butterflies, plant the food plants, maintain the farm and make souvenirs for the tourists who visit." said Maria, who met Brinckerhoff while working on a master's thesis on The economics of non-traditional exports in Costa Rica. Breeding by stages The couple's farm, located outside San Jose, the capital of Costa Rica, sits on 2.5 acres of largely untouched forest, a lush and rugged landscape crowded by hundreds of species of trees and plants and noisy with the squawking of wild parrots. The front of the farm is dominated by a large, screened enclosure where tourists -- more than 16,000 in the last two years -- wander among transplanted native plants and hundreds of adult breeding butterflies. Brinckerhoff and his staff provide educational tours. Maria, a 31-year-old Portuguese-American, said the biggest effect has been on visiting Costa Ricans, many of whom were originally skeptical about the idea of farming butterflies. "Some of our neighbors thought we were raising rats," she said. "Now they come, sometimes in school groups, and they're just as fascinated as The tourists. They've probably seen these butterflies before but very few ever knew their whole story, from egg to adult." The bulk of the farm's breeding work is actually done in the forest, where house-sized netted cages have been placed over the forest floor. Adult butterflies of one or two species are placed inside. Each day, workers comb the cages for clumps of eggs. Over the course of an adult butterfly's lifetime -- usually no more than a couple of weeks -- a female may lay several hundred thousand eggs. These eggs are then placed on potted plants in smaller cages. The screened containers protect the eggs, and later the hatched larvae or caterpillars, from predators like wasps, ants, spiders and birds. Over the course of development, the larvae are transferred to new plants until they pupate ore cocoon. Generally, it takes one to two weeks before the insect will emerge from its chrysalis, as the butterfly cocoon is known. Pupae are shipped at this time -- 40 to 100 in a cotton-packed foam box. From The farm, they go to a London butterfly broker and then to the buyer. Timing is critical. If the package is late or lost in the mail, the butterflies will emerge and die. Environmentalists say operations like The Butterfly Farm are a last-ditch effort for species like the endangered homerus swallowtail in Jamaica, which is spectacularly colored and big enough to cover a dinner plate. An effort to reproduce the homerus in captivity, with assistance form The San Diego Zoological Society, begins later this year in The Blue Mountains of Jamaica and at Butterfly World in Florida. Even if the homerus project meets with success, as Brinckerhoff has with Costa Rican butterflies, there are difficult and perhaps intractable problems ahead. "We're still losing genetic diversity," said Emmel of the University of Florida. "Butterfly farmers are running out of wild stock".
答案: 1-6 题 T/F/NG :
大多数 tropic country 都养殖蝴蝶答案在第一段后部找,很多国家养殖 T
farms number stop falling T. 1980 年 British 养殖后 farms number 趋向稳定
他们错误估算了养殖费用 大家误解养殖蝴蝶最容易赚钱
butterfly farms are protected by law. 答案在文章末尾 "所以 farms need be protected. 5. rare species are difficult to grown NOT GIVEN
green / glasshouse make butterfly reduce lifespan FALSE
7-9 题 7 选 3, butterfly farm 失败的原因:较少品种给予观赏,引进不合适的品种,没有好的坏境/ 没有专业的喂养
10-13 题 选择:(关于 sombody's view,建议上来把题干中人名带到原文定位,比较好找) 有一道某人反对: posting adult paper butterfly另一道为美国的一个很成功的 butterfly farm 的主人怎么运送蝴蝶? export / post sleeping butterfly (答案仅供参考)
Passage Two
题目:How well people concentrate
新旧情况:旧
题材:人 类 行 为 研究
题型:选择、配对、 摘要
文章大意: 各个专家学者对于 multitasking 和 concentration 的观点和实验研究分析。 Multitasking 的 危害, 实验( 开车的时候发短信), 做事的时间变长, 准确率变低,有个专家提出来在 meeting 的期 间不能碰手机
参考答案(待补充)
Passage Three
新旧情况:旧
题目:Rainmaker
参考答案:
27. T 这一发现是偶然的 by accident
28. T 所乘坐的 bus 是 ventilated
29. T 睡醒后 towel 是 wet
30. F 并没有 immediately 实行计划
31. F 并不是 his own business 而是和 scientists 一起
32. hot dry air 33. heat/moisture 34. infrared light 35. condenser 36. pure stilled water 37. fan 38. solar panels 39. (construction) costs 40. environmentally friendly
本次考试是三篇旧文章,难度适中,第一篇讲了英国的蝴蝶养殖产业,第二篇讲了一心多用以及多任务处理和人的专注力的关系,第三篇讲了一种沙漠取水装置。雅思阅读文章近期常考的人类行为研究类话题 可以参考剑9 P91 young children's sense of identity 剑9P49 A neuroscientist reveals how to think differently 这类文章做做 。对于各种类型体裁多样的阅读文章,多扩展课外知识,对学术性文章和常识也有一定认知,做到充满好奇心的积极阅读,能很好的提高阅读速度。
 
 

写作机经
科目 写作
考试日期 2016.2.27
考题概述与分析:
A类小作文
The graph below shows the unemployment rate in Ireland and the number of people leaving the country between 1988 and 2008.
                                                                                                                                                                                     
Sample:
The line chart gives information about the the variation of unemployment rate and the figure for people who left the country over the past two decades from 1988 to 2008.
 
Based on the graph, we can learn immediately that the initial decade witnessed a rapid rise in terms of people leaving Ireland, increasing from 20,000 to 80,000. After that, it is apparent that the figure showed a falling trend until 2000 when it dropped back to the 1980 figure. At last, it grew steadily to just below 40,000 in 2008.
 
By contrast, the change of unemployment rate was not as significant as that of the population leaving the country. During the first ten years between 1980 and 1990, the percentage of unemployment rate relatively remained stable at around 16 percent before decreasing sharply to the bottom in 2000, representing 6 percent. Then, it had gradually climbed to approximately 10 percent by 2008.
 
Overall, the number of people losing jobs and going abroad displayed a similar trend after 1990 during which time both of them peaked.
 
A类大作
In many countries women are allowed to take maternity leave from their jobs during the first months after the birth of their baby. Do advantages outweigh disadvantages?
题型类别:观点类
题材类别:社会类
类似旧题
2015.05.21
Nowadays men and women in many countries decide to have babies at an older age. What are the reasons? What effects does this trend have on society and family life?
对学生提示:
本话题是社会类的新题,但实际上也类似于女性和家庭以及男女平等等旧题,因此使用类似的素材。
好处:女性员工应享有的权利,可以更好地照顾孩子,有利于孩子的成长。
      体现公司对员工的照顾,也是一种福利。
坏处:增加公司的用人成本。
      对女性员工的而言,不利于职业发展。
 
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